Colorful Jewels In Sea Water – A Home For Nemo & Co
At the latest since the success of the cinema of animation adventure “Finding Nemo” interest has resulted in an attitude of this colorful clownfish and their related within your own four walls. While many holders of marine fish underestimate the task in spe simply to create an environment appropriate for the welfare of the inhabitants of the sea. In contrast to designing and operating a freshwater aquarium requirements coming to on the saltwater aquarist can quickly blow up their own budget or prematurely explode the dream of the own underwater Zoo in your own four walls from ignoring some important facts. For beginners, there are some important aspects to note, that step by step a functioning ecosystem can create.
The anemone fish has become the symbol of longing by aquarists to exoticism and vacation at home and is already longer commercially bred.
Step 1: where should be the Aquarium?
Most important basic consideration at the beginning of the new hobbies is where after the question.
The existing space must be probed on the to size of the container. The container must not be close to a window to avoid additional heating by solar radiation and to prevent increased algae formation.
A placement close to a radiator or tile stove is also unfavorable, best, a place in the Interior of the room or on a suitable window opposite wall. A position with a comfortable seating area is always beneficial.
Step 2: how big should the container be?
This question is to first of all the existing or planned budget down, and of course the question of whether fish wanted or merely an underwater plant life is planned. For a pure water plant Aquarium any size is suitable for the purse and existing space selectable. The decision however on fish the rough rule of thumb is: two litres of water per cm length of the fish. When planning, the expected growth of young animals also taken into account.
The position of mature specimens of the popular yellow sail fin doctor can in a 120 l aquarium with a trim of no more than three animals are planned.
Sea water aquaria requires full glass basin, because metal parts corrode easily by salt water and secrete toxins. The container must remain without cover to ensure a constant exchange of air and gases can circulate. Pool with 160 litres (100 cm x 40 cm x 40 cm) or more volumes are recommended for beginners. A pool is larger, the easier ecological balance can adjust, that forgives feeding or missed tests of the water values such as too much more beginner mistakes. Conversely, A so-called Nano-Aquarium, which is already available from a length of 20 cm in length, can provide the basis for a diverse underwater landscape with small shrimp, crabs or snails.
Step 3: what should be the Aquarium?
It’s not always a special Aquarium cabinet from a specialist, a particularly stable and heavily crafted sideboard with two doors do just fine. The Cabinet should be such that the technique such as pump and skimmer in the Aquarium cabinet can be accommodated. In order to ensure sufficient stability, the Cabinet dimensions should be at least equal the size of the Aquarium’s ground, an exact deckungsgleicher in width Abschluss r is visually very appealing subfloor must be free of vibrations and flat. Here it is already building in the slot to bring the basin including pedestal with a spirit level. Compensation mats between Cabinet and Aquarium can compensate for any irregularities. To the basin including pedestal stand on old wood floors, vibration-absorbing and vibration-resistant materials such as rubber or rubber mats are recommended, as they are in the washing machine specialist for a few euros.
Step 4: what soil is especially beneficial for Lake water basin?
Quartz sand should never be used as silicate compounds may be soluble in water and encouraging the emergence of partially toxic microorganisms such as cyano bacteria and dinoflagellate.
Approximately two Millimeterfeiner, natural coral breakage has proved, a location of two to three centimeters is sufficient to meet an appealing look without doing the total weight of the system unnötigerweisezu strain. To the cleaning of the reason after finishing snails, Gobies or digging Starfish should be factored, which sea play an important role in the ecosystem. The more voluminous, the ground cover is selected, the number of employed “floor cleaners” should be greater keep Putrefactive bacteria in check. Gründelnde fish to fine grained coral sand leads quickly to downturns.
Darker Aquarium soil affects the ecological balance less favourable because too much light absorbed and slowed the propagation of valuable bacteria and micro-organisms.
Fresh, natural coral sand can be mixed in small quantities in existing floors, valuable microorganisms contained spread quickly and contribute to the stability of an ecosystem in addition. So-called “live sand” is in shops for around 3 euros a kilo.
Step 5: depends on the lighting’s on how I put fish in the right light?
Fluorescent tubes have increasingly worn out and should be only in smaller pool up to a height of 40 to 50 cm use. If you’re planning a larger sea-water aquarium and want to illuminate optimally, not get around to the latest technology by much more powerful halide (HQI, HIT). You are a further development of the mercury – with the addition of halogen compounds and rare earth and offer a higher light output with the same performance. The light is very close to natural sunlight. There are now two versions with quartz glass burner and ceramic firing. The advantage of ceramic burners is a higher color stability, higher luminous efficiency, long service life and better colour reproduction.
Figure 4 underwater scenery sea water aquarium
Basin from a height of 50cm should with a 70 watts HQI burner be provided, because the light intensity with depth decreases quickly, must from 60 cm deep’s already 150, be from 70 cm 250 Watts.
The Aquarium lighting is often already built into the Aquarium cover, less energy can be lost through evaporation.
An HQI lamp is necessary per 60cm depth. A minimum distance of 30cm should be maintained between two lamps, to avoid overheating. For an approximately a metre-long pool, two lights to each 70 Watts are sufficient, a coral basin with a height of 50 to 60 cm and 500 liters capacity requires a 250 Watt HQI lamp. An average mainlighting duration is sufficient by 8-10 hours, a timer can control constantly the arrival or shut-down. Tip: Dimmable lamps can on and go down of natural light throughout the day.
Step 6: warm, natural salt water like in the tropical coral reef
If you’re planning a coral landscape, should maintain between 24 and 27 degrees the water temperature, what heating controller provide, which control the temperature at regular intervals and can control. In summer the temperature can exceed increased the recommended 27 degrees through the heat of the HQI lamps, from 29 degrees, it will be critical for the fish. Special cooling units and fan from the Aquarium specialist provide cooling. The interaction between the heating and cooling unit regulate and control special control systems, which are also available in stores.
The basin along with lighting in the right place is set up and filled with soil, it can already salt water filled and adjusted with the temperature control at a constant warm temperature. 22 degrees should not be exceeded.
It is pointed outthat dasLeitungswasser demineralised water from a reverse osmosis plant is necessarily ideal before its use on heavy metals and other contaminants, such as nitrate and nitrite test. There the water filter approximately 50 euros in specialist shops. Make sure that possible impurities such as germs, bacteria, herbicides, phosphates, heavy metals, fungicides, nitrate and nitrite are removed from the water. The filter should be replaced every six months, the membrane per year. Tauscher work without electricity, only three bar water pressure are required. The principle of reverse osmosis are all foreign matter out filtered by up to 99%. To the drinking water against a diaphragm is pressed, pure water can pass through the membrane, dissolved minerals and pollutants are derived with the recycled water. Are the filters in different performance and price models, depending on how many litres per day can be filtered, filters with 300 litres daily output are available already to 50 euros. Evaporated water must be filled with osmosis water.
Is the water cleaned, add 30 to 35 grams brands salt per liter aquarium water.
Step 7: everything in movement and stones that are “live”
During a one-week rest period, a diving or circulation pump should be installed to distribute the salt evenly. It is necessary also for the subsequent simulation of natural flow conditions. Water transported not only thermal energy, oxygen and CO2, but also degradation products of metabolism. Depending on the mixing of the aquarium water is better, the water values in the Aquarium are connected with a uniform. It is important to adjust the flow, the respective animals in their natural environment have become used to. Basically, the entire contents of the water should be circulated approximately ten times per hour. For 500 litre tanks there already for about 20 euros in trading circulation pumps.
Figure 5 sea water aquarium Aquascaping II
Aragonite stone skåne vaccinated with bacteria natural reef landscapes and as a less expensive alternative to natürlichemRiffgestein dry available on the market.
So-called “living stones” can be used after a week rest period. Lebendsteine are the from the natural coral reef, live rocks, they bring a variety of different microbes, algae and sponges in the Aquarium. Ideally, the stones through porous structure exhibit a large surface with algae growth. A functioning ecosystem takes approximately six to eight weeks time to the creation, a biological stability must be educate. Live rocks are there already for about 10 euros a kilo.
Step 8: patience pays off is – everything is good
Skimmer, filter, heater and lighting need to do their regular service during several weeks of dormancy, the water values should be checked regularly at this stage on nitrite values. Now can start step by step with the stocking, only occasional anemones or corals. Reef landscapes can be designed and constructed. There will initially be algae, only when the nitrite values falls permanently below 0.05 mg per liter, the algae phase subsides. With the stocking of invertebrates such as sea urchins, snails and hermit crabs can be started before more robust, algae-eating fish to follow them.
A marine ecosystem required for regular maintenance around two years, to make its final stability